Article: Correlation Study of Domestic Water Use and Socio-Cultural Factors in Bauchi Town, Bauchi State-Nigeria
Article Category: Environmental Sciences & Engineering
Author: VICTOR Istifanus,ABDULKADIR Aliyu ,BWALA Haruna.Baba
Abstract: Globally, socio-cultural factors are thought to influence domestic water use. Researchers over the years have been interested in establishing the link between the quantity of water used for domestic purposes and the factors that are thought to influence domestic water use. This study, therefore, investigates the relationship between the quantity of domestic water use and some selected factors in Bauchi metropolis. Through exploratory research of mixed design, a structured questionnaire was administered using a stratified random sampling technique to collect data. Descriptive statistical tools were used in analyzing the data and the instrument of analysis was Microsoft Excel software. The study found out that there is a positive correlation between the quantity of domestic water use and education level, income, household size and marital status. The relationship between the price of water and the quantity of domestic water use is not very clear as water rates were essentially fixed. However apart from those having fixed rates other users of water showed a positive correlation between the quantity of water use and price of water. Other factors that have a significant relationship with the quantity of domestic water use are gender, religion, occupation, source of water and type of house. The study recommended that socio-cultural factors should be an integral part of any water planning scheme in Bauchi metropolis.
Keyword: Domestic, Relationship, Quantity, Water use, Factors.