Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance among Undergraduate Engineering Students: The Case of Bahir Dar University


  • Baynesagn Mekonnen Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology
  • Yimer Lebesse Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology, Ethiopia



Undergraduate Students, Gender, Students Performance, Performance in Mathematics


In all developing countries like Ethiopia, mathematics education plays an important role for the future.  For an all-round contribution, there is a need to involve both men and women in mathematical knowledge. This study focused on the gender differences in Performance in mathematics among undergraduate engineering students. The study emphasized on the influence of gender on students’ mathematics performance. This study examined gender differences in the performance of undergraduate engineering students in mathematics in Bahir Dar University. A sample of 236 students of which 158 males and 78 females were conveniently selected from first-year undergraduate engineering students in which the researchers were assigned to teach. The design for the study was a descriptive survey. In the study, students’ performance in mathematics for engineering students’ scores were collected directly from the office of the registrar, Bahir Dar University and were analyzed using the t-test using SPSS tools. Based on the findings of the study, there was no statistically significant difference in their performance.


Affandi, M., Khalid, S., & Kanafiah, S. N. (2015, June 15). Applications of mathematics in various engineering fields. Retrieved from

Ajai, J., & Imoko, I. (2015). Gender Differences in Mathematics Achievement and Retention Scores:A Case of Problem-Based Learning Method. International Journal of Research in Education and Science (IJRES), 1(1), 45- 50.

Asante, K. O. (2010). Sex Differences in Mathematics Performance among Senior High Students in Ghana. Gender and Behaviour. doi:10.4314/gab.v8i2.61947

Bossart, J., & Bharti, N. (2017). Women In Engineering:Insight Into Why Some Engineering Departments Have More Success In. American Journal of Engineering Education, 127-140.

Brown, L. I., & Kanyongo, G. Y. (2010). Gender differences in mathematics performance in Trinidad and Tobago:Examining affective factors. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education.

Ellis, J., Fosdick, B. K., & Rasmussen, C. (2016). Women 1.5 Times More Likely to Leave STEM Pipeline after Calculus Compared to Men: Lack of Mathematical Confidence a Potential Culprit. PLOS ONE. doi:

Goni, U., B., Y. w., Ali, H. K., & Bularafa, M. W. (2015). Gender Difference in Students’ Academic Performance inColleges of Education in Borno State, Nigeria: Implications forCounselling. Journal of Education and Practice, ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper).

Hall, C., & Hoff, C. (1988). Gender differences in mathematical performance. Educ Stud Math, 19, 395–401. doi:

Harris, D., Hernandez-Martinez, P., Black, L., & Pepin, B. (2015). Mathematics and its value for engineering students: what are the implications for teaching? International Journal of Mathematical Education.

Hedges, L. V., & Nowell, A. (1995). Sex differences in mental test scores, variability, and numbers of high-scoring individuals. Science, 269(5220), 41–45. doi:

Hyde, J. S., Fennema, E., & Lamon, S. J. ( 1990). Gender differences in mathematics performance: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull.

Lindberg, S. M., Hyde, J. S., & Petersen, J. L. (2010). New Trends in Gender and Mathematics Performance: A Meta-. Psychol Bull, 1123–1135.

Springler, D. M., & Alsup, J. K. (2003). Mathematical reasoning:Analogies, metaphors and images. Teaching children mathematics. doi:http//

Tetteh, H. N., Wilmot, E. M., & Ashong, D. (2018).GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AMONG PRESERVICE TEACHERS IN THE BRONG-AHAFO REGION OF GHANA. International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, 38-45.


How to Cite

Baynesagn Mekonnen, & Yimer Lebesse. (2020). Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance among Undergraduate Engineering Students: The Case of Bahir Dar University . International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Technology (ijerat) (E-ISSN 2454-6135) DOI: 10.31695/IJERAT, 6(9), 28–32.