Rock Landslides Induced by Earthquakes: A Study on Influence of Strength Criterion on Limit Equilibrium Stability Analysis


  • S. Amir Reza Beyabanaki McMillen Jacobs Associates, CA, USA



Rock Landslide, Slope stability Analysis, Earthquake, Limit Equilibrium Methods, Mohr–Coulomb


The stability analysis of landslides is important because they are major geological hazards in many parts of the world. In this paper, the most common and traditional methods for the analysis of slope stability — i.e., Limit Equilibrium Methods — are used to investigate the influence of using different strength criteria on stability analysis of rock landslides subjected to a seismic load. For this purpose, four different Limit Equilibrium Methods including (1) Bishop, (2) Janbu, (3) Spencer, and (4) Morgenstern-Price are used by incorporating Mohr-Coulomb and Generalized Hoek-Brown strength criteria to model slopes with different properties and rock types — (1) Siltstone, (2) Limestone, (3) Sandstone, and (4) Granite. This study shows that when Generalized Hoek-Brown criterion is used for slope stability analysis, the relative difference of both the predicted minimum factors of safety and areas of potential failure surface — with respect to the cases with Mohr-Coulomb criterion — increases as the strength of rock mass increases. Also, when Generalized Hoek-Brown criterion is used, lower values for both the minimum factor of safety and area of potential failure surface — compared to the cases with Mohr-Coulomb criterion — are predicted for weak rock masses. However, for rock masses with high strength, higher values for both the minimum factor of safety and area of potential failure surface are obtained when Generalized Hoek-Brown criterion is used. The findings of this study can help geotechnical, civil, and mining engineers select the appropriate rock strength criterion for slope stability analysis and design of slope stabilization measures, and to predict landslides.


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How to Cite

Beyabanaki, S. A. R. (2021). Rock Landslides Induced by Earthquakes: A Study on Influence of Strength Criterion on Limit Equilibrium Stability Analysis. International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Technology (ijerat) (E-ISSN 2454-6135) DOI: 10.31695/IJERAT, 7(11), 18–29.